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'''Alexis-Charles-Henri Clérel de Tocqueville''' (; 29 July 1805 – 16 April 1859) was a French political philosophy|political thinker and historian best known for his works ''Democracy in America'' (appearing in two volumes: 1835 and 1840) and ''The Old Regime and the Revolution'' (1856). In both of these, he analyzed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals, as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies. ''Democracy in America'' was published after Tocqueville's travels in the United States, and is today considered an early work of sociology and political science. Tocqueville was active in French politics, first under the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and then during the Second French Republic|Second Republic (1849–1851) which succeeded the Revolutions of 1848 in France|February 1848 Revolution. He retired from political life after Napoleon III|Louis Napoléon...
RegionWestern philosophy
Era19th-century philosophy
Birth date{{Birth date|df=yes|1805|7|29}}
Birth placeParis, France
Death date{{Death date and age|df=yes|1859|4|16|1805|7|29}}
Death placeCannes, France
School traditionClassical liberalism
Main interestsHistory, political philosophy
ReligionRoman Catholicism
InfluencesCharles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu|Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau|Rousseau, Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes|Malesherbes, Blaise Pascal|Pascal
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